- Why is classified information important?
- What are the 7 classification levels?
- How do you protect classified information?
- What does it mean to declassify something?
- What kind of information is classified?
- What are types of unauthorized disclosure?
- What materials are subject to pre publication review?
- Who released classified information?
- What is needed for classified information?
- How are classified documents marked?
- Why are documents declassified?
- What are four classifications of information?
- What are the 3 levels of classified information?
- What is negligent discharge of classified information?
- How do leaks happen?
- What is Cosmic Top Secret?
- What is a classified data spill?
- What do you do if you find classified information?
Why is classified information important?
The purpose of classification is to protect information.
Higher classifications protect information that might endanger national security.
Classification formalises what constitutes a “state secret” and accords different levels of protection based on the expected damage the information might cause in the wrong hands..
What are the 7 classification levels?
There are seven main taxonomic ranks: kingdom, phylum or division, class, order, family, genus, species.
How do you protect classified information?
Protect Classified Information If you find classified material that has been left unattended, immediately protect it by taking personal possession of the material and securing it in a GSA approved security container.
What does it mean to declassify something?
Declassification is the process of documents that used to be classified as secret ceasing to be so restricted, often under the principle of freedom of information. Procedures for declassification vary by country. Papers may be withheld without being classified as secret, and eventually made available.
What kind of information is classified?
Classified information is that which a government or agency deems sensitive enough to national security that access to it must be controlled and restricted. For example, I dealt with information related to weapons of mass destruction and their proliferation.
What are types of unauthorized disclosure?
There are two major types of inadvertent unauthorized disclosures, direct and indirect. Within each of those types, there can be either oral or written disclosures.
What materials are subject to pre publication review?
This requirement covers all written materials, including technical papers, books, articles, and manuscripts. It also includes lectures, speeches, films, videotapes. It includes works of fiction as well as non-fiction. For purposes of pre-publication review, an electronic file is the same as a paper document.
Who released classified information?
The United States government classification system is established under Executive Order 13526, the latest in a long series of executive orders on the topic. Issued by President Barack Obama in 2009, Executive Order 13526 replaced earlier executive orders on the topic and modified the regulations codified to 32 C.F.R.
What is needed for classified information?
§ 1312.23 Access to classified information. Classified information may be made available to a person only when the possessor of the information establishes that the person has a valid “need to know” and the access is essential to the accomplishment of official government duties.
How are classified documents marked?
Each interior page of a classified document shall be marked with a banner line at the top and bottom of the page. Banner markings used on interior pages are also referred to as page markings. With the highest classification level of information contained on that page.
Why are documents declassified?
The objective of automatic declassification is to declassify information without compromising national security.
What are four classifications of information?
Data Classification Levels Data Classification in Government organizations commonly includes five levels: Top Secret, Secret, Confidential, Sensitive, and Unclassified. These can be adopted by commercial organizations, but, most often, we find four levels, Restricted, Confidential, Internal, Public.
What are the 3 levels of classified information?
The U.S. classification of information system has three classification levels — Top Secret, Secret, and Confidential — which are defined in EO 12356.
What is negligent discharge of classified information?
A negligent spillage or unauthorized disclosure of classified information is categorized as a Negligent Discharge of Classified Information (NDCI), which is based on the familiar firearms term “Negligent Discharge,” to connote its seriousness.
How do leaks happen?
An Internet leak occurs when a party’s confidential information is released to the public on the Internet. Various types of information and data can be, and have been, “leaked” to the Internet, the most common being personal information, computer software and source code, and artistic works such as books or albums.
What is Cosmic Top Secret?
COSMIC TOP SECRET (CTS) – This security classification is applied to information the unauthorized disclosure of which would cause exceptionally grave damage to NATO. (NOTE: The marking “COSMIC” is applied to TOP SECRET material to signify that it is the property of NATO. The term “NATO TOP SECRET” is not used.)
What is a classified data spill?
• Data spillage – the transfer of classified or sensitive information to unaccredited or. unauthorized systems, individuals, applications or media. A spillage can be from a higher level classification to a lower one. The data itself may be residual (hidden) data or metadata.
What do you do if you find classified information?
Stay with the classified material and notify the security office. If this is not possible, take the documents or other material to the security office, a supervisor, or another person authorized access to that information, or, if necessary, lock the material in your own safe overnight.